Pengertian Degrees of Comparison Beserta Contoh Kalimat dan Soal

Posted on

How do you do ? Sahabat SBI (Study bahasa Inggris ), pernahkan kalian merasa kalian lebih pandai dari teman-teman yang lainnya ? atau merasa paling cantil, paling tampan di banding yang lainnya… Pada kesempatan ini, saya akan membahas mengenai tingkat perbandingan ( Degrees of Comparison ), ada tingkatan biasa, lebih dan paling.. misal kamu rajin, ada yang lebih rajin bahkan ada yang paling rajin di antara kalian. Yuk simak penjelasan lengkapnya pada artikel di bawah ini :

a. Positive degree  

                                         

As ————- as and not so ————— as

Di pakai baik untuk kata sifat ( adjective ) maupun kata keterangan ( adverbs ).

Contoh :

  • George is six years old. John is six years old.
    George is as old as John.
  • This road is two meters That road is four meters wide.
    This road is not as wide as that road. Atau
    This road is not so wide as that road.
  • Heni can dance beautifully. Karni can dance beautifully.
    Karni can dance as beautifully as Heni.

           

The same —————– as and different from

Contoh:

  • Your shirt is blue. My shirt is blue.
    Your shirt is the same color as mine.
    Our shirts are the same color.
  • My pencil and Your pencil are the same.
    There is no difference.
    My pencil is the same as yours.
  • John’s coat is large and brown. Paul’s coat is small and black.
    John’s coat is different from Paul’s.
    John’s coat is not the same as Paul’s.

b. Comparative degree

Di pakai untuk adjective yang terdiri dari satu suku kata

Akhiran –er

  • tall       →       taller
  • clear    →      clearer
  • fast      →       faster
  • hard    →       harder
  • nice     →       nicer
  • quick   →      quicker
  • soon     →     sooner

Adjective yang terdiri dari dua suku kata yang berakhiran –y, -er, -ow.

  • busy     →       busier
  • heavy   →       heavier
  • pretty   →        prettier
  • simple  →      simpler
  • clever   →      cleverer
  • narrow →     narrower

Berawalan “more”. Di pakai untuk adjective lebih dari dua suku kata.

  • careful         →        more careful
  • beautiful     →       more beautiful
  • expensive    →       more expensive
  • interesting  →     more interesting

Contoh :

Tuti NEM is 30
Yanti NEM is 25

  • Tuti’s NEM is higher than Yanti’s
  • Tuti is cleverer than Yanti 

This book costs Rp. 6.000,00
That pen costs Rp. 3.000,00

  • That book is more expensive than this pen.
  • This book is cheaper than that pen.

c. Superlative degree

Akhiran –est atau awalan the most- dipakai untuk membandingkan tiga buah benda atau lebih. Semua adjectives atau adverbs yang dapat diakhiri –er, pada superlative degree diakhiri dengan –est, sedang adjectives atau adverbs yang dapat di awali dengan more, pada superlative degree diawali dengan most.

 

[table id=8 /]

Perkecualian

[table id=7 /]

Contoh :

Did is seven years old. Udin is eight years old. Dita is five years old.

  • Dita is the youngest of all.
  • Udin is the oldest among the children.

I have three books. Heni has six books. Tika has four books.

  • Heni has the most books among them.
  • I have the least books of all.

Degrees of Comparison (lanjutan)

Adverbs of manner atau adjectives yang berakhiran ly, ful, less ditambah (more) pada comparative degree dan ditambah (most) pada superlative degree.

 

[table id=9 /]

Contoh :

  1. I am going to work more carefully than before.
  2. Dina attends the lecture most regularly from the others.
  3. She read the English text, more slowly than you did.
  4. Heni runs across the road as quickly as she can.
  5. They discuss the subject most seriously among the other groups.

Comlete the following sentences !

  1. I’m not going with him. He always drives ————– than you do.
  2. The students understood the lesson because the teacher explained it ———–than the other teachers.
  3. Dodi gets good marks in all subjects because he studied them ——– than his classmates.
  4. We are going to walk to school as —————— as we can, because we don’t want to be late.
  5. We don’t know why she went home —————

Kunci Jawaban :

  1.   more slowly
  2. most clearly
  3. most diligent
  4. as fast as
  5. later

 

Sahabat SBI (Study bahasa Ingris ), “sahabat yang paling baik adalah sahabat yang menunjukkan kebaikan kepadamu dan saling mengingatkan kesalahan untuk memperbaikinya” Semoga materi mengenai the degree of comparison bisa bermanfaat untuk sahabat sekalian dimanapun berada dan jangan lupa berbagi ilmu pengetahuan nya ke teman yang lain yaa ,,, Saran dan Kritik yang sifatnya membangun sangat saya harapkan,, terimakasih ^_^