Pengertian, Generic Structure, Tujuan Dan Contoh Teks News Item Terbaru Disertai Soal Latihan

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Pengertian, Generic Structure, Tujuan Dan Contoh Teks News Item Terbaru Disertai Soal Latihan

Hai sahabat SBI (Study bahasa Inggris), what are you doing now ? Kira-kira adakah di antara kalian yang sedang membaca sebuah berita sekarang ini, atau dalam istilah bahasa Inggris di sebut dengan News. Nah lalu yang di maksud dengan News Item apa yaa…. Kalian penasaran kan ? Yuk, biar tidak penasaran lagi kita belajar mengenai Pengertian, Generic Structure, Tujuan Dan Contoh Teks News Item berikut ini :

News item is a text which informs readers about events of the day. The events are considered newsworthy or important. (news item adalah sebuah tulisan atau teks yang memberikan informasi terbaru (terupdate dan teraktual) dimana informasi tersebut layak dan penting untuk diberitakan ).

The Purpose of News Item, Tujuan utama dari pembuatan teks berita tentu untuk memberikan informasi kepada pembaca atau pendengar tentang berita terbaru. Jadi syaratnya harus berita hangat, sehingga biasanya diberi tanggal dan tempat berita.

Generic Structure, susunan umum news item dalam bentuk berita, berikut ini :

  1. Newsworthy event : berita utama dari suatu peristiwa (sekilas tentang inti berita).
  2. Background event :  latar belakang peristiwa secara rinci melibatkan bagaimana dan mengapa peristiwa itu terjadi.
  3. Source : Sumber yang memberikan informasi berkaitan dengan suatu peristiwa.

Linguistic Features ( Ketatabahasaan ) dalam News Item adalah:

  1. Melibatkan verbal verbs atau kata kerja yang berupa penyampaian informasi seperti: said, informed,told, reported, dan lain sebagainya.
  2. Karena menggunakan verbal verbs, maka hampir seluruh tulisan news item terdapat kalimat langsung yang ditandai appostrof atau tanda kutip (…….)
  3. Place and time : Dalam penulisan berita biasanya terdapat penjelasan tanggal atau hari dan tempat peristiwa terjadi.
  4. Menggunakan Past tensedalam menerangkan kejadian berita. Namun jika itu berupa fakta yang sampai sekarang masih terjadi atau masih berupa fakta, maka bisa menggunakan simple present tense.

Contoh News Item dan Terjemahannya :

Contoh I News Item : Mon key Forest Gets Kalpataru Nomination
Terjemahannya :

Contoh II News Item : Rain Flushed Continuously, Aceh Jaya Affected the Flood
Terjemahannya :

LATIHAN SOAL !

Choose the right answer by crossing a, b, c, r or e.

Text 1

Bridge breaks in Central Java, killing 5 people and injuring 29 others. A footbridge packed with tourists broke at a mountainous resort on Java Island. Wednesday, killing five people and injuring 29 after they plunged into a rocky riverbed, police and tourist officials said. The victims were evacuated to three nearby hospitals, said Surono, an employee at the Batu raden resort in Central Java province, adding that they fell more than 20 meters (yards) after one of the steel cables holding the small bridge snapped. Local police chief Emron Putra Agung said five people were killed and 29 injured. The accident occurred as the country enjoys a weeklong holiday marking the end of the Islamic month Ramadan, when people traditionally flock to holiday sites. Batu raden, located 300 kilometers (190 miles) east of the capital Jakarta, is one of the most popular resorts on the slopes of Mount Slamet (3,428 meters, 11,246 feet), Java’s second-highest peak.

1. The text tells us about ….

a. the evacuation of the victims.
b. the tourist resort in Central Java.
c. the killing of five visitors in Baturaden.
d. the accident on the broken bridge in Baturaden.
e. the popular tourist resort in Central Java.

2. Some local tourist were killed and injured in Baturaden when ….

a. they were swimming in the river.
b. they were enjoying the landscape on the small bridge.
c. they were in the riverbed.
d. they were climbing Mount Slamet, Central Java.
e. they were swinging on the small bridge over the rocky river.

3. The footbridge in Baturaden broke because ….

a. it couldn’t afford supporting overload.
b. it had been too old to walk on.
c. it had not been used for long time.
d. it lied on the slope of Mount Slamet.
e. it was used to evacuate the victims.

4. Which of the following statement is NOT TRUE according to the text?

a. The broken footbridge killed five visitors.
b. The accident happened at the end of Ramadhan.
c. The victims were left behind without relief.
d. The visitors were killed because of falling into a rocky riverbed.
e. The bridge broke because of one of the broken steel cables.

5. …. killing five people and injuring 29 after they plunged intoa rocky riverbed, What is the similar meaning of the words “plunged into”?

a. fell back                    d. fell on
b. fell away                   e. fell down
c. fell off

Text 2

Lapindo Brantas Inc. is dumping contaminated water from the Sidoarjo mudflow disaster directly into the Porong River without treating it first as promised, witnesses claim.The company has denied it has dumped untreated water into the river. Witnesses claimed they had seen water from retaining ponds being channeled directly into the river.

The two pipes were connected to the river from one of the ponds near Pejarakan Jabon village. Three pumps have also been installed to distribute water from the pond to the river. A TV journalist, Medi, said the pipes were set up in Thursday by soldiers from the Kepanjen battalion in Malang. Of the two pipes, only one was operating Friday, he said.

State Minister of Environment Rachmat Witoelar earlier said the water must not be dumped into seas or rivers without being treated. The ministry earlier said the mud was non-toxic and safe, despite a study published in a government magazine that said the mud contained a number of dangerous chemicals.

6. What type of text is used by the writer?

a. report                  d. news item
b. recount               e. description
c. narrative

 

7. The communicative purpose of this text is….

a. To describe  a particular accident
b. To share an amusing incident
c. To entertain the reader
d. To inform the reader about the case
e. To retell for the purpose of informing and entertaining.

 

8. What did the company conceal from the local people?

a. the mudflow dumping into the Porong River.
b. the water distribution into the pond.
c. the mud pumping into the gas installation.
d. the contaminated water channeling into the sea.
e. the treated water flow into the river.

 

9. It has dumped untreated water into the river. ( Paragraph 1)
What does It in the above text refer to….

a. Lapindo Brantas Inc.  d. Mud
b. The manager                e.  Witnesses
c. Government

 

10. …. despite a study publishedin a government magazine that said the mud contained a number of dangerous chemicals.

a. distributed                   d. broadcasted
b. circulated                     e. issued
c. printed

Key Answer

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