Penjelasan Terlengkap Materi Analytical Exposition Vs Hortatory Exposition

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Penjelasan Terlengkap Materi Analytical Exposition Vs Hortatory Exposition


Hello Sahabat SBI (Study bahasa Inggris) dari Sabang sampai Merauke di Negeri Indonesia yang kita cintai,,, How are you today? Semoga selalu dalam lindungan Tuhan Yang Maha Esa.. Pada Kesempatan kali ini saya ingin tahu apakah kalian pernah merasa kesulitan membedakan jenis text Exposition?

Menurut kalian apa sih perbedaan antara Analytical Exposition dan Hortatory Exposition itu dan apa yang membedakan mereka?Mau tau jawabannya, pasti penasaran kan.. Kalau begitu, mari kita coba telaah apa saja perbedaan-perbedaan atau bahkan persamaan-persamaan dari jenis-jenis text diatas.

Kita mulai dari pengertian Expositionwhat exactly Exposition is?

Exposition adalah text yang bersifat factual yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu pendapat yang bersifat pro atau kontra, dimana text tersebut memberikan argument-argument yang kuat yang bertujuan untuk mempengaruhi pembacanya.

perbedaan analytical vs hortatory exposition

Hal ini tercermin pada Social Function dari text Exposition itu sendiri, yaitu: To persuade the reader or listener. As we know, seperti yang kita ketahui, bahwa arti kata persuade itu sendiri adalah mengajak. So,ketika kita akan mengajak seseorang untuk mengikuti pendapat kita, we need the strong argument, don’t we?

Sementara itu apa sih yang dimaksud pro atau kontra itu? Apa pro dan kontra itu ada pada satu text? Of course not, tentu saja tidak, dalam satu badan atau isi text Exposition hanya terdapat satu pendapat yang pro saja beserta alasan apa yang membuat penulis pro dengan pendapat tersebut, atau dalam satu text berisi tentang kontra, dan alasan kenapa penulis kontra dengan issue tersebut. And then, apa perbedaan dan persamaan dari Analytical dan Hortatory Exposition itu? Check this out!

1. Analytical Exposition

Pengertian Analytical Exposition bisa dipahami sebagai text yang mencoba memberikan penjelasan secara komprehensif tentang suatu masalah dengan menampilkan pendapat-pendapat pendukung secara hati-hati.
Sedangkan tujuan utama analytical exposition text ini adalah, “ to attempt to persuade the reader to believe something by presenting one side of the argument.” Artinya mencoba meyakinkan pembaca agar mempercayai sesuatu dengan memberikan satu sisi pendapat saja.”

Mengacu pada tujuan analytical exposition ini, hal ini tidak bermakna bahwa dalam analytical exposition berisi satu argumen saja, akan tetapi berisi berbagai argumen yang memiliki tujuan sama.

 Generic Structure:

  1.  Thesis (usually includes a preview argument. It introduces topics and indicates the writer’s position.) THESIS, yaitu pendapat kalian tentang suatu masalah. Biasanya di awali dengan kalimat I personally think, In my opinion, I believe, etc. Setelah kalian menuliskan thesis atau pendapat,
  1. Arguments (consists of a point and elaboration sequence. The number of points may vary, but each must be supported by discussion and evidence). kalian harus menuliskan ARGUMENTS, yaitu argumen-argumen atau alasan-alasan yang disertai dengan fakta dan bukti-bukti yang relevan sehingga pendengar atau pembaca terpengaruh dengan argumen yang kalian kemukakan. Biasanya dimulai dengan Firstly, Nest, Third, The last, etc.
  1. Reiteration (restates the position more forcefully in the light of the arguments presented).

Untuk mengakhiri teks, kalian harus menuliskan REITERATION, Reiteration sendiri berarti kesimpulan dari thesis dan argument yang sudah disajikan diatas. Jadi kata-kata yang bisa kita gunakan untuk mengawali Reiteration part pada text tersebut can be:

From the argument above we can conclude that….. ; atau

Based on the argument above…..;  atau

The conclusion of the argument above is……

Language features :

  1. Emotive words such as : alarmed, worried.
  2. Words that qualify statements such as: usual probably
  3. Words that link arguments such as: firstly, however, on the other hand, therefore.
  4. Usually present tense, Compound and complex sentences
Contoh teks Analytical Exposition

I personally think learning English through music and songs can be very enjoyable. You can mix pleasure with learning when you listen to a song and exploit the song as a means to your English progress. Some underlying reason can be drawn to support the idea why we use songs in language learning.

Firstly, “the song stuck in my head” Phenomenon (the echoing in our minds of the last song we heard after leaving a restaurant, shopping malls, etc) can be both enjoyable and sometimes unnerving. This phenomenon also seems to reinforce the idea that songs work on our short-and-long term memory.

Secondly, songs in general also use simple conversational language, with a lot of repetition, which is just what many learners look for sample text. The fact that they are effective makes them many times more motivating than other text. Although usually simple, some songs can be quite complex syntactically, lexically and poetically, and can be analyzed in the same way as any other literary sample.

Furthermore, song can be appropriated by listener for their own purpose. Most pop songs and probably many other types don’t have precise people, place or time reference.

In addition, songs are relaxing. They provide variety and fun, and encourage harmony within oneself and within one group. Little wonder they are important tools in sustaining culture, religion, patriotism and yeas, even revolution.

Last but not least, there are many learning activities we can do with songs such as studying grammar, practicing selective listening comprehension, translating songs, learning vocabulary, spelling and culture.

From the elaboration above, it can be concluded that learning through music and songs, learning English can be enjoyable and fun.




Teks ini hampir sama dengan Analytical Exposition, dapat ditemukan pada berbagai macam surat maupun artikel yang bersifat membujuk, mempengaruhi misalnya surat pembaca, promosi, surat terbuka dan lain-lain.

Tujuan Komunikatif dari Hortatory Exposition adalah :
Membujuk, mempengaruhi dan menganjurkan kepada pembaca, pendengar bahwa sesuatu seharusnya atau tidak seharusnya menjadi permasalahan.

The generic structure is as follow:

  1. Thesis; thesis is similar to tentative conclusion which needs to be proven by certain fact and argument. In the end, it can be true or false, Berisi issue atau topic permasalahan yang diangkat sebagai pokok persoalan, serta posisi penulis terhadap persoalan tersebut.
  2. Arguments; this is the phase which try to examine and support that the thesis stated above is true. Serangkaian alasan yang mendukung ide penulis.
  3. Recommendation; this is what should or should not be done in the hortatory text. This recommendation is differentiating from analytical exposition. Recommendation lebih mengacu pada saran yang direkomendasikan dari si penulis Exposition tersebutAnd then, how you usually recommend something to others? Biasanya kita akan menggunakan kata-kata di bawah ini untuk memberikan saran ke orang lain, they can be:

You should…., we must……, you should be….., and etc. apabila kita merekomendasikan sesuatu yangdiperbolehkan; dan

You shouldn’t……, you mustn’t……, we ought not to…., etc. apabila kita merekomendasikan yang tidak diperbolehkan atau tidak disarankan.

Language features / ciri-ciri kebahasaan
* Generic participant. Obyek, pokok persoalan bersifat umum.
* Terdapat action verb, kata kerja tindakan
* Menggunakan mental process, missal : think, feel, understand dsb.
* Simple present tense

Contoh teks Hortatory Exposition

Higher Education for Woman

In this modern era, there are still some parents who are reluctant about sending their daughter to college. Such narrow attitude shown to woman higher education is largely due to the traditional role of woman in society. A woman is expected just to be a wife and a mother most parents believe that if their daughter gets married and chooses to be a housewife, then the higher education will be a waste. However an educated woman does not only make a better wife abut also contributer better thing to the large society.

Nowadays more women are successfully combining their career and marriage. Educated women are richer both emotionally and financially. They are able to find an outlet for monotonous drudgery of their housekeeping. They bring more satisfaction and contentment to their lives.

Depriving girl of higher education is crash discrimination. Time has changed. Modern society need the talents of its people regardless of gender. Today women work alongside men. In fact, in the last few decades women have made outstanding contributions to society.

            Woman should be given the freedom to be educated whether they get married or go to work after finishing their education because it is only through education that a woman will find herself useful and discover what she wants in life. A woman who work is not an insult to her husband. Conversely, her husband should feel proud of her achievement since marriage is actually an equal partnership. Therefore, parents should not think that girls should receive less education just because they will get marriage one day.


Sahabat SBI (Study bahasa Inggris ), Jadilah pembelajar yang tak kenal lelah, Tak kenal siang maupun malam “Karena ilmu itu begitu Mahal”… Semoga penjelasan artikel diatas dapat menambah wawasan sahabat SBI dimanapun , nantikan postingan kami selanjutnya…. Tetap di